There was a a time when I started to cook cuts of meat that I had never purchased before, much less prepared! There is a certain amount of anxiety that comes with wanting not to serve, much less eat, over cooked, dried out meat, and also not wanting to die from salmonella poisoning! I never thought I'd ever be able to remember the correct temperatures to cook various meat proteins, and I longed for the day that it would be a no-brainer.....well, that day has come, long ago, and what a relief, as well as giving me confidence and pride for the time, effort and patience (not to mention trust) of making that happen. Practice makes perfect!
OK, so I'm confident...me and my instant-read thermometer! I'm not a professional, and I'm not ashamed to admit that I can't tell by "touching" a piece of meat whether or not it's done! But I shouldn't have to apologize for not being a professional! There may come a day, and I don't doubt it will come, that I will have so much practice that a simple nudge with my pointer finger into the side of a steak will indicate to me whether or not my meat is done! But until then I've got my handy thermometer and I'm good to go!
Here is some information I found online for cooking meat to a correct and safe temperature:
|Fresh ground beef, veal, lamb, pork||160°F||71°C|
|Beef, veal, lamb roasts, steaks, chops: medium rare||145°F||63°C|
|Beef, veal, lamb roasts, steaks, chops: medium||160°F||71°C|
|Beef, veal, lamb roasts, steaks, chops: well done||170°F||77°C|
|Fresh pork roasts, steaks, chops: medium||160°F||71°C|
|Fresh pork roasts, steaks, chops: well done||170°F||77°C|
|Ham: cooked before eating||160°F||71°C|
|Ham: fully cooked, to reheat||140°F||60°C|
|Ground chicken/turkey||165° F||74°C|
|Whole chicken/turkey||180° F||82°C|
|Poultry breasts, roasts||170° F||77°C|
To be honest I pull meats 5-10 degrees before they reach the recommended temperatures based on experience. I do a lot of stuff based on my own personal experience, and information that I've collected from cooks that I trust.
Learning how to feed yourself and you family only
Or....cook cuts of meat that you can cook to a second death! lol Like chicken thighs!